Procedure: Improving sagging facial skin, jowls, and loose neck skin
by removing excess fat, tightening muscles, redraping skin. Most often done on
men and women over 40.
Length: Several hours.
Anesthesia: Local with sedation, or general.
In/Outpatient: Usually outpatient. Some patients may require short
Side Effects: Temporary bruising, swelling, numbness and tenderness of
skin; tight feeling, dry skin. For men, permanent need to shave behind ears,
where beard-growing skin is repositioned.
Risks: Injury to the nerves that control facial muscles or feeling
(usually temporary but may be permanent). Infection, bleeding. Poor healing;
excessive scarring. Asymmetry or change in hairline.
Recovery: Back to work: 10 to 14 days. More strenuous activity: 2 weeks
or more. Bruising: 2 to 3 weeks. Must limit exposure to sun for several months.
Duration of Results: Usually 5 to 10 years.